Primary Diagnosis for Cardiac Rehab
There are six primary diagnoses for the Cardiac Rehab program including Angina, Heart Attack, Chronic Heart Failure (CHF), Stent- PCI, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG), and Heart/Lung Replacement.
To learn more about each click the below buttons.
What are the primary risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
The Primary Risk Factors are listed below:
Age: 45 years or older in men and 55 years or older in women
Family History: Heart Attack, Coronary Revascularization or Sudden Death before the age of 55 years in father or brother or 65 years in mother or sister.
Smoking Cessation: Not Smoking or being exposed to environmental tobacco smoke within 6 months.
Physical Inactivity (Sedentary): Not meeting the guidelines of moderate-intensity physical activity, 3 days a week for at least 3 months.
Obesity: Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or greater, waist girth greater than 102 cm (40 inches) in men or greater than 88 cm (35 inches) in women.
Hypertension (high blood pressure): Systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure greater than 80 mmHg. (Medication for high blood pressure)
Dyslipidemia (cholesterol): Low-density Lipoproteins (LDL) greater than or equal to 130 mg/dL, High-density Lipoproteins are less than 40 mg/dL and/or total cholesterol is higher than or equal to 200mg/dL. (Medication for cholesterol)
Diabetes: Fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test value greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL or an HbA1C value greater than or equal to 6.5%.
The risk factor criteria as per the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines are used for educational purposes only.
For more information, here are some resources on the risk factors:
Age: American Heart Association
Family History: American Heart Association
Smoking: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Physical Inactivity: World Health Organization
Obesity and Overweight: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Blood Pressure: American Heart Association
Cholesterol: Mayo Clinic
Diabetes: American Diabetes Association